Federalist Papers

Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay wrote a series of essays and articles in support of the ratification of the Constitution.  These essays and articles mostly appeared in The Independent Journal and The New-York Packet, two newspapers based in New York City.  There are a total of eighty five essays and articles considered The Federalist Papers.

  1. General Introduction
  2. Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
  3. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
  4. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
  5. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
  6. Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States
  7. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States
  8. The Consequences of Hostilities Between the States
  9. The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
  10. The Same Subject Continued: The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
  11. The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy
  12. The Utility of the Union in Respect to Revenue
  13. Advantage of the Union in Respect to Economy in Government
  14. The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  15. The Same Subject Continued: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  16. The Same Subject Continued: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  17. The Same Subject Continued: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  18. The Same Subject Continued: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  19. The Same Subject Continued: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  20. The Same Subject Continued: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
  21. Other Defects of the Present Confederation
  22. The Same Subject Continued: Other Defects of the Present Confederation
  23. The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union
  24. The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered
  25. The Same Subject Continued: The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered
  26. The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
  27. The Same Subject Continued: The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
  28. The Same Subject Continued: The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
  29. Concerning the Militia
  30. Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  31. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  32. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  33. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  34. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  35. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  36. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
  37. Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government
  38. Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed
  39. Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles
  40. The Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained
  41. General View of the Powers Conferred by the Constitution
  42. The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered
  43. The Same Subject Continued: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered
  44. Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States
  45. The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered
  46. The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared
  47. The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts
  48. These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other
  49. Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention
  50. Periodic Appeals to the People Considered
  51. The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments
  52. The House of Representatives
  53. The Same Subject Continued: The House of Representatives
  54. The Apportionment of Members Among the States
  55. The Total Number of the House of Representatives
  56. The Same Subject Continued: The Total Number of the House of Representatives
  57. The Alleged Tendency of the Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many Considered in Connection with Representation
  58. Objection that the Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented as the Progress of Population Demands Considered
  59. Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
  60. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
  61. The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
  62. The Senate
  63. The Senate Continued
  64. The Powers of the Senate
  65. The Powers of the Senate Continued
  66. Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered
  67. The Executive Department
  68. The Mode of Electing the President
  69. The Real Character of the Executive
  70. The Executive Department Further Considered
  71. The Duration in Office of the Executive
  72. The Same Subject Continued, and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered
  73. The Provision for Support of the Executive, and the Veto Power
  74. The Command of the Military and Naval Forces, and the Pardoning Power of the Executive
  75. The Treaty Making Power of the Executive
  76. The Appointing Power of the Executive
  77. The Appointing Power Continued and Other Powers of the Executive Considered
  78. The Judiciary Department
  79. The Judiciary Continued
  80. The Powers of the Judiciary
  81. The Judiciary Continued, and the Distribution of Judicial Authority
  82. The Judiciary Continued
  83. The Judiciary Continued in Relation to Trial by Jury
  84. Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered
  85. Concluding Remarks